SO22 Nature protection
MA 49 Forst- und Landwirtschaftsbetrieb der Stadt Wien
ERDF co-financing:€ 1 172 278,73
Total budget:€ 1 379 151,45
Timeline:01/2019 – 02/2022
Bio Forschung Austria
Széchenyi István Egyetem
The nature region Vienna-Györ is characterised by the water bodies of Danube, Lake Neusiedl and their surrounding floodplain forests, protected as Natura 2000 areas and National Parks. They are bordered by agricultural areas, settlements, agglomerations and linked traffic areas. Natural (waters, woods, reeds) and cultivated areas form a patchwork habitat. It is recognized that mowing and extensive grazing are measures to maintain habitats and species protected by Habitats (Fauna and Flora)- or Birds Directive. In the course of the project the ecological relevance of further anthropogenic use for species protection should be set. E.g. some orchids colonize pioneer sites on dams, resulting from flood protection or railway constructions. Solid data about ground beetles show the species conservation value of organic cultivation. The importance of their interconnectedness with FFH-Habitats lies in the project focus. Through combination of common conservation measures with crop farming actions innovative landscaping activities will be developed to improve the protection of Habitats- or Birds Directive species.
Using the example of the Viennese Danube Floodplains the results shall serve to increase natural areas in conformity with the national park whilst improving biodiversity and resilience. The optimization of both is also the focal point of the hungarian example.
Public gardens, being implemented in Mosonmagyarovar and Vienna, will reveal the complex information in an attractive way.
Essential is the joining of internationally recognised research by SZE in cutting-edge crop production on alluvial soils with the specific BFA-expertise in the field of species protection by organic farming and the experience of the ground area manager MA 49.
The outcome of the project will be transferable to other european lowland protection areas.
Fertő-Hanság Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság
ERDF co-financing:€ 1 893 719,58
Total budget:€ 2 227 905,40
Timeline:07/2016 - 06/2020
Nationalpark Neusiedler See – Seewinkel
WasserCluster Lunz - Biologische Station GmbH
The project partners have achieved effective cooperation in the cross-border management of the protected areas of Lake Fertő region, and ecotourism development in the past decades, but their cooperation in ecological monitoring was limited to individual cases without an institutional background.
Therefore, the overall objective of the project is the coordination of conservation activities (mainly ecological monitoring) on both sides of the border, where a new approach is applied with a uniform methodology and coordinated implementation.
That is why the project partners disclosed their current conservation monitoring programs in the course of project preparation, and then jointly designated target species and habitats that should be explored in the project in a coordinated manner. The thus established common research projects include besides bird monitoring, botanical and faunal studies of other target species and habitats, as well as limnological and hydrobiological research activities of the Lake Fertő and Hanság areas. Furthermore, smaller habitat restoration measures and cross-border development of the birdwatching infrastructure are planned to minimize the disruptive effect of visitors to the breeding grounds.
The aim of the partners is to make the research results available not only to experts but to the general public as well, thus also awareness raising activities are planned (for example, common data collection), which allow the active involvement of the local population. To promote the transfer of best practices organisation of transnational symposia are planned.
Coordinated monitoring programs and habitat restoration projects will serve as a basis for the cross-border management of Natura 2000 areas of the Lake Fertő region, and thus contribute to stabilizing, improving their conservation degree.
Őrségi Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság
ERDF co-financing:€ 972 549,11
Total budget:€ 1 144 175,43
Timeline:01/2018 – 12/2020
Fertő-Hanság Nemzeti Park Igazgatóság
Land Burgenland - Abteilung 4-III, (Biologische Station Neusiedler See, Illmitz)
Naturschutzbund Österreich, Landesgruppe Steiermark
The long-term preservation of the ecological network of wetland habitats in the border region and its extremely diverse flora and fauna, which is also regarded as outstanding even at the European level, is possible only with a cross-border approach, based on a common strategy. This is why the overall objective of the project is the coordination of nature conservation measures that preserve the biodiversity of the transboundary habitats and the development of their ecological network. This is made possible by a new approach, which is based on a uniform sampling and evaluation method and is executed in a coordinated manner. The partners have mutually announced their ongoing nature conservation research programs in the project preparation phase, and then jointly named Natura 2000 species, habitats and their threat factors (habitat fragmentation, spread of invasive species, increased social need for water regulation due to increasing flood waters), which are to be researched as part of the project.
In addition, the research results are to be made available to the general public, so environmental and nature awareness raising activities are also being planned (e.g.: school programs, educational film) involving the local population and students. In order to exchange best practices, cross-border workshops and a study tour are to be organised. The coordinated research activities, the prepared action plans, the proposals for the conservation of biodiversity, and the further developed Natura 2000 sustainability plans serve as the basis for the cross-border management of the Natura 2000 wetlands of the border region and enable the connectivity of wetland habitats (hence the acronym of the project: WeCon - wetland connectivity) and contribute to the stabilization of their conservation level.